Monitoring and Evaluation Working Group


Dr. Theresa Mundita S. Lim

Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) - Biodiversity Management Bureau (BMB)

Regional Secretariat GWG and CCT Senior Manager

Jasmin Mohd Saad

Governance Working Group and Cross-Cutting Themes
Senior Manager
+6017 296 9226

Working Group Members

Appointed Members of National Coordinating Committees (NCCs)

General Description of MEWG

The Monitoring and Evaluation Working Group (MEWG) was formed in 2012 and had worked on an ad hoc basis to develop a full CTI Monitoring and Evaluation System and provide technical inputs and recommendations to the Regional Secretariat and the National Coordinating Committee (NCCs) of the CT6.

The first MEWG meeting was conducted on 28 April 2012 in Pasig City, Philippines. This first meeting sets the foundation for this WG towards developing a structured M&E system for CTI-CFF. Several agenda items during the meeting include:

  1. the review and adoption of the draft Terms of Reference for MEWG;
  2. election of MEWG Chair and Vice-Chair;
  3. proposed set of indicators; and
  4. proposed list of MEWG-related activities, tasks and roadmap.

The MEWG developed the CTI-CFF Monitoring & Evaluation System Operation Manual which was endorsed during the 9th Senior Officials’ Meeting (SOM-9) in November 2013 and conducted in Manila, Philippines.

The CTI-CFF Monitoring & Evaluation System Operation Manual (M&E System) is structured to provide a framework for the M&E System; define indicators for each of the five Regional Plan of Action (RPOA) goals as well as the three higher level outcomes; provide a comprehensive workflow to collect, analyze and report indicators against progress; and help the six countries and the technical working groups to manage the M&E System for adaptive management.

The M&E System is embedded in the five goals of the RPOA and will measure against baselines on the status quo for each goal the outputs and outcomes using indicators developed and endorsed by the Technical Working Groups (TWGs) and the MEWG*. For some of these indicators, additional benchmarks have been developed as guidelines to track results on a shorter time scale. The Climate Change Adaptation TWG and the Marine Protected Area TWG both developed roadmaps to further help countries put in place the system necessary to track the regional indicators at the national level.

In keeping with the reporting structure of the Coral Triangle Initiative, each entity of the CTI-CFF plays a role in this monitoring system. The M&E System has mapped a national and regional data pathway that allows tracking information transfer and analysis from the field to the top decision makers. It also defines the role and accountability of each entity.

The NCCs are pivotal to transferring data measured at the national level to the TWGs to be compiled and analyzed at the regional level. The Regional Secretariat has a central role, hosting and compiling regional data and reporting the results of the M&E System every year to the Senior Officials Meeting as well as every other year through the Regional State of the Coral Triangle Report. The Regional Secretariat is supported by the MEWG in each of these steps as well as the Coral Triangle Atlas*** which leads the information system and data management.

*Indicators are clues, signs or markers that measure one aspect of a program and show how close a program is to its desired path and outcomes. They are used to provide benchmarks for demonstrating the achievements of a program. Thus far, indicators for Goals 1 and 5 have yet to be revised and finalized.

** The Regional State of the Coral Triangle Report is a summary of the state of marine resources as well as socio-economic measures for each country. This report is essential to establish baselines for the evaluation process and will help us define what IMPACT the project has through the M&E system on resources and communities.

** The Coral Triangle Atlas is a regional database and a key resource for the source of data for certain indicators, particularly those that should be measured spatially. It provides data that will eliminate bias that may arise from using multiple data sources. It can also be relied on to perform some of the analysis of indicators status. To manage the data, the RPOA M&E system builds on the Coral Triangle Atlas (CT Atlas) information system, which has been developed to support the CTI-CFF. The CT Atlas has been able to provide data, especially maps for both national and regional work in the CTI-CFF.

What's new & Notifications

27th November 2017; Manila, PHILIPPINES

FRWG Pre-SOM Meeting

29th November 2017; Manila, PHILIPPINES

13th Senior Officials’ Meeting

CTI-CFF M&E Indicators

The M&E framework presents the short-term and long-term measurable targets and goals of the CTICFF. It describes direct causal relationships between the incremental results of key activities to the overall achievement of the RPOA goals.

It has four essential components:

  1. Activities – the activities carried out to achieve the targets of the 5 RPOA goals.
  2. Outputs – the immediate results achieved through the execution of the activities.
  3. Outcomes – the set of short-term or intermediate results achieved by through the execution of the activities.
  4. Impacts– the long-term effects, or end results achieved by the 5 RPOA goals.

Figure 1 describes the M&E framework. The RPOA is structured by goals which are divided into targets. Each target has a set of activities to achieve the desired outcome. The first level of indicators is embedded within activities of the targets. These measure the outputs of the activities and are compiled to provide a measure of the target’s outcome. A selection of these indicators is also used to measure the three higher level regional outcomes, including the “Impact”.

Not all the indicators for the RPOA goals have been finalized and endorsed. Pending revision are three higher outcomes as well as the Seascape, and the Threatened Species Goal indicators (Goal 1 and 5).

As the Regional Plan of Action is implemented, it is expected to see tangible and measurable improvements in the health of our marine and coastal ecosystems, in the status of our fisheries, and in the food security and well-being of the communities which depend on them (CTI-CFF, 2009). Several indicators have been developed by the MEWG to track these improvements as shown in Table 1. These indicators, however, have not all been finalized or endorsed by the CT6 as some of them are too challenging or expensive to track.

Goal 1: Priority Seascapes Designated and Effectively Managed
(to be revised)

  1. Target 1: “Priority Seascapes” designated with investment plans completed and sequenced
    1. Indicator 1.1.1: Number of priority seascapes designated with investment plans.
  2. Target 2: Marine and coastal resources within all “Priority Seascapes” are being sustainably managed
    1. Indicator 1.2.1: Number of priority seascapes under continuous improved management.

Goal 2: Ecosystem approach to management of fisheries (EAFM) and other marine resources fully applied
(indicators approved during SOM-10; Nov. 2014; Timor-Leste)

  1. Target 1: Strong legislative, policy and regulatory frameworks in place for achieving an ecosystem approach to fisheries management (EAFM)
    1. Indicator 2.1.1: Number of policies and regulations promoting EAFM at regional and national levels with regulatory framework and budget allocated for their operationalization
    2. Indicator 2.1.2: Number of projects and programs implementing EAFM and components thereof
  2. Target 2: Improved income, livelihoods and food security in increasingly significant numbers of coastal communities across the region through a new sustainable coastal fisheries and poverty reduction initiative (COASTFISH)
    1. Indicator 2.2.1: Percent change in average income (fishing & non-fishing) of coastal households compared to baseline
    2. Indicator 2.2.2: Percent contribution of fish to protein requirements
  3. Target 3: Effective measures in place to help ensure exploitation of shared tuna stocks is sustainable, with tuna spawning area and juvenile growth stages adequately protected.
    1. Indicator 2.3.1: Number of policies and agreements among the CT6 countries for the management of tuna
  4. Target 4: A more effective management and more sustainable trade in live reef fish and reef-based ornamentals achieved
    1. Indicator 2.4.1: Number of policies and agreements adopted on LRFFT among CT6 to decrease the level of destructive fishing practices linked to the trade
    2. Indicator 2.4.2: Number and area (sq km) of locally managed areas for live reef fish trade
    3. Indicator 2.4.3: Number of consuming countries adhering to market/certification (LRFFT and ornamental fisheries) agreed by CT6

Goal 3: Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) established and effectively managed

  1. Target 1: Region-wide Coral Triangle MPA System (CTMPAS) in place and fully functional
    1. Indicator 3.1.1: CTMPAS Framework developed and adopted by CT6
    2. Indicator 3.1.2: Percent or area of total marine habitat in CT region in marine protected or managed areas
    3. Indicator 3.1.3: Percent of each major marine and coastal habitat type in strictly protected “no-take replenishment zones”
    4. Indicator 3.1.4: Percent or area (km2) of marine protected areas under “effective” management
    5. Indicator 3.1.5: Percent or area of marine protected / managed areas included in CTMPAS

Goal 4: Climate change adaptation (CCA) measures achieved

  1. Target 4.1: Region-wide Early Action Plan for Climate Change Adaptation for the near-shore marine and coastal environment and small island ecosystems developed and implemented.
    1. Indicator 4.1.1: Number of regional agreements/frameworks/plans (e.g. REAP) developed.
    2. Indicator 4.1.2: Number of national policies (including national CCA plans and frameworks) laws and regulations on climate change adaptation proposed and adopted.
    3. Indicator 4.1.3: Proportion of local governments that have integrated climate adaptation into local governance (plans and actions)
    4. Indicator 4.1.4: Area of Mangroves (hectares)
  2. Target 4.2: Networked national centers of excellence on climate change adaptation for marine and coastal environments are established and in full operation.
    1. Indicator 4.2.1: A national institution within CT6 designated and networked.

Goal 5: Threatened Species status improved
(to be revised)

  1. Target 5.1: Improved status of sharks, sea turtles, seabirds, marine mammals, corals, seagrass, mangroves and other identified threatened species.
    1. Indicator 5.1.1: Number of new policies or agreements adopted at the regional, national and local levels that are in compliance with the international agreements on threatened species.
    2. Indicator 5.1.2: Area (km2) of protected marine habitat that contributes to conservation of threatened and endangered species protected.
    3. Indicator 5.1.3: Number of threatened species with improved status (to be decided by CTI as a body or by a forum designated by the CT6 according to IUCN-red list criteria assessment or other criteria to be determined by CTI)

Past & Upcoming Meetings

# Date Location Meeting Title Meeting Documents
  • 25 April 2012 &
  • 28 April 2012
  • CTI-CFF MEWG Informal Meeting &
  • CTI-CFF MEWG 1st Formal Meeting
2 22-25 October 2012 Jakarta, INDONESIA CTI-CFF MEWG Meeting (Review of the Regional State of the Coral Triangle Report (SCTR)
3 2-3 December 2015 Manado, INDONESIA 11th Senior Officials’ Meeting
4 1-2 November 2016 Port Moresby, PAPUA NEW GUINEA 12th Senior Officials’ Meeting

On-going and future programs / activities

  1. Sustainable Financing and Management of CTI-CFF CT Atlas
  2. Finalization of indicators for Goals 1 and 5
  3. Revision to the CTI-CFF Monitoring & Evaluation Operation System Manual
  4. Revision of CTI-CFF MEWG TOR
  5. Review of the CTI-CFF Regional Plan of Action (RPOA)